Controlling Pest Birds on Commercial Properties
Birds and humans can in the main live harmoniously in any environment. However, certain species thrive on the human food supplies and find safe shelter on our buildings. Warm roofs and ample sized ledges become ideal nesting sites for birds and flock numbers increase. This activity can cause many health and safety issues such as fouling on the buildings and path ways, nesting debris blocking drains and insects infestations from nest debris and carcasses.
The most common pest birds in the UK are Pigeons and Gulls.
Identifying Bird Infestation
First step in combatting pest birds is to correctly identify species infesting the building so correct control can be applied. Common signs of infestation include:
- Birds settling: on or around the premises, cables, wires, roofs, ledges
- Droppings: on the building, inside the building, on goods, on vehicles, on pathways
- Nests: on roofs, ledges, gutters, roof spaces and internal beams
- Nest and Feather debris: around the premises, in gutters, damage from blocked gutters I.e damp walls and ceiling from water ingress
- Stock damage: pecking and dropping
Methods of control
All birds, their nests and eggs are protected under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981. Any control measures implemented must be carried out in accordance with General Licences. It is crucial you correctly identify the problem species.
- Environmental Management
The main attraction to any site is availability of food. This makes it difficult to control in many public areas especially where the general public discard food in open spaces.
Food build up can be minimised by
- Banning feeding of birds in public areas
- Providing and regularly clearing bins and food spillages in public areas
- Keeping bins shut where possible
Installing physical measures to buildings that prevent birds roosting. This could be :
- General building maintenance: blocking access points eg damaged roof installing strips to loading bays.
- Spikes or wire : placed on narrow ledges, sills, beams or narrow flat areas so birds cannot settle
- Avishock: placed like spikes or wire but emits a small unharmful electric shock to prevent bird settling on the area.
- Netting: covers larger areas horizontally or vertically to prevent access to various roost points.
3. Falconry Response
Flying birds of prey in the area provides an environmentally friendly method of pushing birds out of the area and disrupting the incubation of eggs preventing many from hatching.
4. Population control
The final method to be considered after all other methods have been exhausted are population controls. These must adhere to guidelines in general licences and only apply to the species stipulated.
- Egg and Nest Removal :This requires multiple visits across the season and involves removing and destroying eggs each visit. On the final visit nests will be removed.
- Humane Trapping : Birds are trapped and humanely dispatched. Traps checked daily and adequate food and water provided so birds aren’t distressed.
- Mist netting in certain situations.
Need help with bird control now?
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